Feb
24
2017
0

Springing vs. Immediate Financial Powers of Attorney

You should have a Financial Durable Power of Attorney (DPA) as part of your asset protection estate plan. This DPA allows your attorney in fact, such as your spouse or a child, to handle various financial matters and transactions for you. Categories of these powers include real estate, banking, financial institutions, retirement plans, trust activities, etc. The DPA should also include powers for your care if you become ill. In addition, the DPA can include powers for asset protection and Medi-Cal planning.

The Financial DPA is good during your lifetime only. It is not effective after you die. The term “Durable” means that the powers survive your incapacity. If you become incapacitated, the powers in the DPA continue to be effective.

Springing vs. Immediate Powers:

“SPRINGING”: The powers in the Financial DPA can become effective only upon your incapacity. This means that if you become incapacitated and cannot handle your own financial affairs, a “doctor’s note” will be required to activate the powers in the DPA. The powers will then “spring” into effect.

“IMMEDIATE”: The powers in the Financial DPA can become effective immediately upon your execution of the document. In this case, you will eliminate the requirement of a doctor’s note, confirming that you are incapacitated. The immediate DPA is useful between spouses, who want the convenience of being able to immediately help each other with their financial affairs. It is also very helpful between elderly parents and children who are actively involved with their parents’ care.

This information is not to be taken as legal advice, and you are encouraged to see your elder law attorney. At the Law Offices of Michael J. Young, at 1931 San Miguel Dr., Ste. 220, Walnut Creek, CA www.WalnutCreekElderLaw, 925-256-0298, lawyoung1@gmail.com, we practice Elder Law and we help Baby Boomers, Seniors and families through their Elder Care Journey. We help families with long-term care planning, asset-protection plans, comprehensive estate planning, wills, trusts and powers of attorney. We also help the older client and their families get their “Ducks in a Row” in order help them qualify for Medi-Cal and the VA Aid & Attendance Improved Pension benefit.

May
11
2015
0

Medi-Cal, Capital Gains and the Home

In previous blogs, we have discussed how we can establish the home as an “exempt asset” for qualification for Medi-Cal. Your elder law attorney can help you take the steps necessary to exempt your home and help you qualify for Medi-Cal. However, if your home is in your estate when you pass away after having been on Medi-Cal, the state can pursue a recovery lien against your home. The state will want to recoup the funds they have paid to the nursing home on your behalf.

Keep in mind however that the state cannot pursue a recovery lien against your home if your home is not in your estate when you die. The remedy for this may be for you to transfer your home to a child or other family member after you have established the home as an exempt asset for qualification for Medi-Cal. But beware, there could be a tax problem. If you make such a transfer to a child, the child will assume your tax basis on the property. This means that if the child then sells the property, he or she may have to pay capital gains tax on the sale. This tax is basically calculated on the difference between the purchase price you the parent paid for the property, and the sale price the child obtained. The child would not be able to take advantage of the $250,000 capital gains tax exclusion on the sale that the parent had under Federal Tax Code Section 121.

To remedy this problem, the property could be transferred to a child with a reserved life estate in favor of the parent. The deed for this transfer from the parent to the child would create a split interest on the record, wherein the parent retains a life estate in the property, and the child is the grantee of the remainder interest in the property. After the parent dies, the child should receive a full step up in basis on the property under IRS regulations. The child could then sell the property at the time of the parent’s death, without incurring capital gains. The home would not be available for Medi-Cal recoupment after the home is transferred to the child with the reserved life estate in favor of the parent. This procedure is recognized by Medi-Cal provided that the prescribed procedure is used, and the correct language is utilized in the deed. There are of course other issues you will need to consider regarding the transfer of the home. Your elder law attorney can help you through this process if it is appropriate for your situation.

This information is not to be taken as legal advice, and you are encouraged to see your Walnut Creek Elder Law Attorney. At the Law Offices of Michael J. Young, at 1931 San Miguel Dr., Ste. 220, Walnut Creek, CA www.WalnutCreekElderLaw, 925-256-0298, lawyoung1@gmail.com we practice Elder Law and we help Baby Boomers, Seniors and families through their Elder Care Journey. We help families with long-term care planning, asset-protection plans, comprehensive estate planning, wills, trusts and powers of attorney. We also help Baby Boomers and families get their “Ducks in a Row” in order help them qualify for Medi-Cal and the VA Aid & Attendance Improved Pension benefit.

Dec
01
2014
0

More On Alternative Long Term Care Insurance Options for Baby Boomers

In our last post we discussed how many of our Baby Boomer clients have looked into buying long term care insurance, but have decided against the purchase because of various reasons. Some feel that the cost is too high, or they don’t like the idea that if you don’t use it, you lose most of it. Also, some of our clients have been denied coverage because of their age, health issues, or both. Fortunately, there are alternatives to consider for our older clients.

Many of our clients have several hundred thousand dollars in various investments, including savings accounts, mutual funds, annuities and IRAs, in addition to their home. This would appear to be a nice nest egg, but would be depleted quickly if they were in need of 24/7 care. For a single person, the cost of care could conservatively be $90,000 or more per year and twice that for a couple.

One option is to purchase a type of annuity which provides payments for long term care. The initial premium payment for the annuity could create 2 to 3 times the amount of the premium in long term care payments. For example, if you re-position $50,000 into the annuity, then $100,000 to $150,000 could be available for long term care expenses. The underwriting for this type of product is much simpler than applying for long term care insurance, but the age and health of the client is still taken into account.

In addition, under the “Pension Protection Act”, you could withdraw the $50,000 tax free from an existing annuity to purchase an annuity with the long term care payment option. You could also fund the purchase of this new product using IRA money through an income tax free “trustee to trustee transfer.”

When you visit our office, ask us to help you explore the possibility of repositioning a portion of your assets for payment of your long term care should you need it in the future. These options should be explored as part of your long term care asset protection and estate planning.

For additional information, you can contact your elder law attorney Michael J. Young. This information is not to be taken as legal advice, and you are encouraged to see your elder law attorney. At the law offices of Michael J. Young, 1931 San Miguel Dr., Ste. 220, Walnut Creek, CA http://www.WalnutCreekElderLaw.com, 925-256-0298,lawyoung1@gmail.com, we practice elder law and we help Baby Boomers, Seniors and families through their Elder Care Journey. We help families with long term care planning, asset protection plans, special needs trusts, comprehensive estate planning, wills, trusts and powers of attorney. We also help Baby Boomers and families get their “Ducks in a Row” in order to help them qualify for Medi-Cal and the VA Aid & Attendance Improved Pension Benefit.

Aug
04
2014
0

One Unique Way You Can Use Your Own Funds To Help Pay For Your Long Term Care Is To Convert Your Life Insurance Policy Into a Life Care Funding Trust

As we have discussed in the past, there are 3 ways to pay for long term care. 1) You can use your own money; 2) You can use your long term care insurance if you have it; 3) You can utilize the VA Aid & Attendance program to help pay for in home care and the cost of assisted living facilities, and you can use Medi-Cal to help pay for a stay in a skilled nursing facility . 

Most of our clients are not Veterans or the surviving spouses of veterans, and cannot tap into the VA Aid & Attendance program to help pay for in home care and assisted living facilities. Others may never need to go into a nursing home and  utilize Medi-Cal. In addition, as it turns out, most of our clients do not have long term care insurance, and they find long term care insurance to be either impossible or too cost prohibitive to obtain. 

Government benefits are available, but may become more difficult to obtain in the future. California will soon adopt the Deficit Reduction Act, which will make Medi-Cal eligibility more difficult. Medi-Cal can pay for your stay in a skilled nursing facility. VA will probably institute a look-back penalty period for gifting, and make that benefit more difficult to obtain.

Also, many Assisted Living Facilities now offer several  levels of care including independent living, custodial care and care in memory wings. If you could utilize your own funds for the cost of the assisted living facility, you would probably like to stay there for as long as possible.

One way you can use you our own funds to pay for your long term care, is to possibly convert your life insurance policy into a Life Care Funding Trust. Some of our clients have asked whether they should let their life insurance premiums lapse, as part of budgeting for the cost of their long term care. Premiums on life insurance policies have typically been made for many years, and it would be a shame to let the policy lapse without a benefit to you.  

 We can explore whether your life insurance policy has a value that can be converted to a long term care benefit. As part of the process, we will present a copy of the policy to the Life Care Funding Company along with a simple application which includes some medical information about you. The Life Care Funding company underwriters will determine whether they will make a cash offer to you for the purchase of the policy, and for how much. If they make such an offer and you accept it, the cash is then placed into a Life Care Funding Trust for your benefit, and payments are made to your care provider on a monthly basis. You will then stop making premium payments, and you will benefit from the policy. Please let us know if you would like us to help you explore this possibility.

In the future, we will be discussing other unique ways we can utilize our own funds to help pay for our long term care.

For additional information, you can contact elder law attorney Michael J. Young. This information is not to be taken as legal advice, and you are encouraged to see your elder law attorney. At the Law Offices of Michael J. Young, at 1931 San Miguel Dr., Ste. 220, Walnut Creek, CA www.WalnutCreekElderLaw, 925-256-0298, lawyoung1@gmail.com we practice Elder Law and we help Baby Boomers, Seniors and families through their Elder Care Journey. We help families with long-term care planning, asset-protection plans, special needs trusts, comprehensive estate planning, wills, trusts and powers of attorney. We also help Baby Boomers and families get their “Ducks in a Row” in order help them qualify for Medi-Cal and the VA Aid & Attendance Improved Pension benefit.

Jun
09
2014
0

How To Convert Your Life Insurance Policy To Help Pay For The Cost of Senior Care

Some of our clients have asked whether they should let their life insurance premiums lapse, as part of budgeting for the cost of care for their loved one. Many of our clients have been making premium payments on their life insurance policies for a long period of time.

My answer is to first find out whether their life insurance policy has a value that can be converted to a long term care benefit. As part of the process, we present a copy of the policy to a Life Care Funding Company along with a simple application. The company underwriters will determine whether they will make a cash offer to you for the purchase of the policy. If they make such an offer and you accept it, the cash is then placed into a benefit account that is professionally administered by the company.

 Payments from the benefit account are then made monthly to the care providers for the benefit of the individual receiving care. Payments can be made for instance to assisted living communities, nursing homes, retirement communities and home health care providers.  

Once the life insurance policy is converted to a long term care benefit, you will no longer make premium payments to keep the life insurance policy in effect.

For additional information, you can contact elder law attorney Michael J. Young. This information is not to be taken as legal advice, and you are encouraged to see your elder law attorney. At the Law Offices of Michael J. Young, at 1931 San Miguel Dr., Ste. 220, Walnut Creek, CA www.WalnutCreekElderLaw, 925-256-0298, lawyoung1@gmail.com we practice Elder Law and we help Baby Boomers, Seniors and families through their Elder Care Journey. We help families with long-term care planning, asset-protection plans, special needs trusts, comprehensive estate planning, wills, trusts and powers of attorney. We also help Baby Boomers and families get their “Ducks in a Row” in order help them qualify for Medi-Cal and the VA Aid & Attendance Improved Pension benefit.

May
20
2014
0

Hiring Home Health Aides:

As part of the Elder Care Journey as we call it, many of our clients will eventually need in-home-care. Our clients want to stay at home but will need help with various activities of daily living, such as eating, bathing, dressing, ambulating and toileting. In fact, our estate planning documents usually confirm an intent to remain home for care for our clients, and an intent to return home after a stay in a skilled nursing facility. The issue then becomes whether you should hire the in-home-care aide through a home care agency or should you hire the aide directly.

Please keep in mind that the aide who will be helping your Mother for instance, will be coming into your Mother’s home, and will be left alone in the home with her for long periods of time. You should avoid risks regarding the aide as best as you can. Health Care Agencies pre-qualify their aides, and do background checks before hiring. Their aides are also bonded. Most of our clients and their families maintain a better comfort level and peace of mind when they hire an aide through a health care agency.

With regard to proof of spending issues for qualification for Medi-Cal and the VA Aid & Attendance Pension Benefit, the fact that you are using an agency creates a much smoother application process. The agreement you have with the agency and proof of payment to them is usually sufficient proof for Medi-Cal and VA. When cash payments are made to an individual, who may also be undocumented, it is much more difficult to obtain these benefits.

Another issue to be concerned with is the IRS and who does the tax reporting and wage withholding for wages paid to the aide. If you are hiring an aide through an agency, you do not face these additional issues. I am not sure that the IRS would become involved, but you have enough to worry about, dealing with the issues of being older and needing care, without worrying about the IRS.

This information is not to be taken as legal advice, and you are encouraged to see your elder law attorney. At the Law Offices of Michael J. Young, at 1931 San Miguel Dr., Ste. 220, Walnut Creek, CA www.WalnutCreekElderLaw, 925-256-0298, lawyoung1@gmail.com we practice Elder Law and we help Baby Boomers, Seniors and families through their Elder Care Journey. We help families with long-term care planning, asset-protection plans, special needs trusts, comprehensive estate planning, wills, trusts and powers of attorney. We also help Baby Boomers and families get their “Ducks in a Row” in order help them qualify for Medi-Cal and the VA Aid & Attendance Improved Pension benefit.

Apr
28
2014
0

Special Needs Trust & Inheritance & Workshop 5-8-2014

Special Needs Trusts and Inheritance:

Q: Our father just passed away and left $400,000 in his revocable living trust to myself and my brother. My brother is on SSI and will lose his benefit when he receives the inheritance. What should we do?

 A. There is a remedy for this problem when someone dies, and their revocable living trust does not have a special needs trust provision for a special needs beneficiary. Under the law, the revocable living trust became irrevocable when your father died. As a result, it is too late for you to amend the trust to include a Special Needs Trust for your brother.

 However, the California Probate Code does allow the Court to amend the trust to include a special needs trust upon a petition to the Court from the special needs beneficiary. The special needs beneficiary files a petition with the court requesting that the trust be modified to include a special needs trust for himself for his part of the inheritance. Your brother, who will be the petitioner, will tell the court in the petition that had your father gone to an elder law attorney who would have advised your father about the addition to his revocable living trust of a special needs trust for your brother, that your father would have requested that addition.

The courts have been willing to grant these petitions. After the court signs its order for the modification of your father’s trust, the inheritance for your brother will flow into his new Special Needs Trust and he will not lose his public benefits. Your Walnut Creek Elder Law Attorney can advise you and help you in the preparation of a petition for the modification of a revocable living trust after the maker of the trust dies.

This information is not to be taken as legal advice, and you are encouraged to see your elder law attorney. At the Law Offices of Michael J. Young, at 1931 San Miguel Dr., Ste. 220, Walnut Creek, CA www.WalnutCreekElderLaw, 925-256-0298, lawyoung1@gmail.com we practice Elder Law and we help Baby Boomers, Seniors and families through their Elder Care Journey. We help families with long-term care planning, asset-protection plans, special needs trusts, comprehensive estate planning, wills, trusts and powers of attorney. We also help Baby Boomers and families get their “Ducks in a Row” in order help them qualify for Medi-Cal and the VA Aid & Attendance Improved Pension benefit.

Mar
25
2014
0

Consider Naming a Professional Fiduciary In Your Estate Planning Documents

When we prepare our estate planning documents, such as the Revocable Living Trust and Financial Durable Powers of Attorney, we typically name our spouses and then our children as our fiduciaries if we cannot act for ourselves. It would seem that the most common reason that would cause a fiduciary to act is the loss of mental capacity of the principal. For instance, in the case of a Revocable Living Trust for a husband and wife, they will name each other as a co-trustees. If neither of them can act because of incapacity, the children who have been named as successor trustees, will step up to act as trustee. With a Financial Durable Power of attorney, the couple will typically name each other as attorney in fact, and if they cannot act for each other, the children who have been named as successor attorneys in fact, will step up to act.

Many of our clients however do not have a living spouse or children or even siblings who can be named as fiduciaries for them. In addition, statistics show that at lease a quarter of persons in the  age group of 80 years or older, have significant clinical cognitive impairment. These individuals will need a responsible fiduciary to help manage and preserve their assets for them, and to help ensure that they receive good care as they age.

So for people who really have no one to name as a fiduciary in their estate planning documents, we recommend naming a professional fiduciary. These individuals are licensed by the State of California Professional Fiduciaries Bureau.  A professional fiduciary as successor trustee of a revocable living trust for instance, will carry out the terms of the trust while you are alive, and then finish the trust administration when you die.  During your lifetime, the professional fiduciary as successor trustee under your trust, or as your attorney in fact under your financial power of attorney,  will manage your checking account, pay your bills and otherwise help to protect your assets. They will make sure that your assets are used for your care and that your assets are preserved and managed for as long as possible. Many older people are vulnerable to scammers and even family members who will try to take advantage of them, and take their money.

We can recommend several very good professional fiduciaries who you could consider naming as successor fiduciaries  in your estate planning documents.

This information is not to be taken as legal advice, and you are encouraged to see your elder law attorney. At the Law Offices of Michael J. Young, at 1931 San Miguel Dr., Ste. 220, Walnut Creek, CA www.WalnutCreekElderLaw, 925-256-0298, lawyoung1@gmail.com we practice Elder Law and we help Baby Boomers, Seniors and families through their Elder Care Journey. We help families with long-term care planning, asset-protection plans, comprehensive estate planning, wills, trusts and powers of attorney. We also help Baby Boomers and families get their “Ducks in a Row” in order help them qualify for Medi-Cal and the VA Aid & Attendance Improved Pension benefit.

Mar
11
2014
0

No Look Back Period for VA Aid & Attendance

There will NOT be a look-back gifting penalty period for the VA Aid & Attendance Pension Benefit. On February 27, 2014, Senate Bill 1982, known as The Veterans Pension Protection Act, did not get the required votes to pass. One of the purposes of this bill, which also contained other provisions, was to help curtail some of the backlog at the VA for processing this benefit.

 Unlike Medi-Cal, VA does not have a look-back gifting penalty period for qualification for the Aid & Attendance Pension Benefit. As a result, you can theoretically gift all of your assets away today, and be eligible for this VA benefit tomorrow with no gifting penalty. California however has a 30 month look back penalty period for gifting for eligibility for Medi-Cal. Medi-Cal pays for nursing home costs, minus a share of cost contribution by the recipient.

 A problem has been that the 30 month look back penalty rules for Medi-Cal have often been ignored when large gifts have been made for qualification for Aid & Attendance. The result has been that if you make a big gift today in order to receive this VA benefit, you may have created a long period of ineligibility for Medi-Cal, by not following the Medi-Cal gifting regulations. Your elder law attorney will advise that any gifting made for qualification for the VA Aid & Attendance Pension benefit should coincide with the Medi-Cal gifting rules.

 If Senate Bill 1982 had passed, any gifts made within the last three years would be reported, and a penalty for eligibility would attach.

This information is not to be taken as legal advice, and you are encouraged to see your elder law attorney. At the Law Offices of Michael J. Young, at 1931 San Miguel Dr., Ste. 220, Walnut Creek, CA www.WalnutCreekElderLaw, 925-256-0298, lawyoung1@gmail.com we practice Elder Law and we help Baby Boomers, Seniors and families through their Elder Care Journey. We help families with long-term care planning, asset-protection plans, comprehensive estate planning, wills, trusts and powers of attorney. We also help Baby Boomers and families get their “Ducks in a Row” in order help them qualify for Medi-Cal and the VA Aid & Attendance Improved Pension benefit.

Jan
10
2014
0

FIVE THINGS BABY BOOMERS AND SENIORS CAN DO TO GAIN PEACE OF MIND FOR SURVIVING THEIR RETIREMENT YEARS

Many Baby Boomers and seniors are concerned about surviving their retirement years. Many have not been able to save adequately, have suffered losses in the stock market, and do not have pension funds sufficient to meet their future needs. Most are concerned about health care issues, and how their nursing home costs would be paid for if needed. They also want to leave a legacy to their loved ones.

First: Update your estate plan to a Long Term Care Plan. Most of our clients do not have long term care insurance to pay for a stay in a nursing home. Fortunately however, California has Medi-Cal, which will pay for a stay in a nursing home provided that you qualify. You can now set up a long term care plan, as part of your estate plan, to provide for asset protection and qualification for Medi-Cal. within the state regulations. For veterans, the plan will also help for qualification for the VA Aid & Attendance Pension Benefit to help pay for in home care and assisted living facilities. Your plan will also confirm your overall desires regarding  how your assets will be spent for your care at home and otherwise.

Second: The home is often our clients’ largest asset. You can take steps now through your estate planning documents to assure that your home will pass to your loved ones as a legacy, without a Medi-Cal lien, so that the state will not be able to recoup any nursing home payments it has made for you.

Third: Change your life style just a little bit, and try to keep more of what your earn. I recommend reading The Millionaire Next Door by Thomas J. Stanley in this regard. Stanley gives examples of how changing your lifestyle somewhat, and giving up certain luxuries, will allow you to put more money into your retirement accounts on an ongoing basis. As you get older, cut back on certain expenditures, and put what you save into your retirement accounts. Go out to fancy dinners less often, put off buying a new car, and put those savings into your retirement account.

 Fourth: We still have Social Security. Some analysts say that the program can pay for benefits for the next 25 years for the general populace. There also seems to be a consensus of opinion, that any changes in the law should not affect Baby Boomers. Although you can begin taking benefits at age 62, this could be a 25% reduction of what you would receive if you waited until you are 66. If you wait until age 70, this could raise your benefit by another 8% per year, so wait longer if possible.

 Fifth: Stay physically active and you will most likely remain healthier and live longer. Try to increase the number of steps you take every day. It has been said that sitting is the new smoking. Get up and walk around for ten minutes every hour. This will also make you more productive. 

* This information is not to be taken as legal advice, and you are encouraged to see your elder law attorney. At the Law Offices of Michael J. Young, at 1931 San Miguel Dr., Ste. 220, Walnut Creek, CA www.WalnutCreekElderLaw, 925-256-0298, lawyoung1@gmail.com we practice Elder Law and we help Baby Boomers and families through the Elder Care Journey. We help families with long-term care planning, asset-protection plans, comprehensive estate planning, wills, trusts and powers of attorney. We also help Baby Boomers and families get their “Ducks in a Row” in order help them qualify for Medi-Cal and the VA Aid & Attendance Improved Pension benefit.

Powered by WordPress | Theme: Aeros 2.0 by TheBuckmaker.com