Jun
19
2017
0

Durable Powers Of Attorney For Young Adults

We usually don’t think estate planning documents are necessary for younger adults. But consider the potential need for financial and health care powers of attorney for them. We received a recent call from a client whose 23 year old daughter, Jenny, was in a severe automobile accident. Jenny suffered traumatic brain injury in the accident. After two weeks in the hospital, she was transferred to a skilled nursing facility for rehabilitation. Jenny has not been cognizant enough to make medical or health care decisions for herself.

Our client called us because Jenny does not have financial or medical powers of attorney, or a HIPAA statement for access to her medical records. Our client and her husband are running into problems making medical and financial decisions on behalf of Jenny. They are also having difficulty gaining access to Jenny’s medical records. If Jenny’s incapacity continues, a conservatorship proceeding in probate court may be the only resolution to this problem. In a conservatorhip proceeding, the probate court judge appoints another person, the “conservator” to care for and make decisions on behalf of another adult, the “conservatee. A probate court conservatorship proceeding is time consuming, intrusive to the family and expensive. This dilemma could have been avoided if Jenny already had these basic estate planning documents. After all, we never know what may happen to any of us at any time.

Please feel free to contact our office should you need help with estate planning, asset protection, and qualifying for and applying for Medi-Cal. This information is not to be taken as legal advice, and you are encouraged to see your elder law attorney. At the Law Offices of Michael J. Young, at 1931 San Miguel Dr., Ste. 220, Walnut Creek, CA www.WalnutCreekElderLaw, 925-256-0298, lawyoung1@gmail.com, we practice Elder Law and we help Baby Boomers, Seniors and families through their Elder Care Journey. We help families with long-term care planning, asset-protection plans, comprehensive estate planning, wills, trusts and powers of attorney. We also help the older client and their families get their “Ducks in a Row” in order help them qualify for Medi-Cal and the VA Aid & Attendance Improved Pension benefit.

May
31
2017
0

California Still Has A 30 Month Look Back for Gifting

California still has the 30 Month Look Back Penalty Period for Gifting. There is a federal law known as the Deficit Reduction Act (DRA), which has a 60 month look back penalty period. However, California has not to date implemented that law. Medi-Cal eligibility workers are required to use the 30 month look back period.

When you apply for Medi-Cal, the application asks whether you have given away any countable, or non-exempt assets within the last 30 months. If you have made such a gift without consideration, or for less than fair market value within the 30 months prior to making the application, a penalty period of ineligibility may be imposed. Transfers of any kind between spouses are exempt and do not create any periods of ineligibility.

The penalty transfer amount, which is also known as the monthly average nursing home private pay rate, is presently $8,515. The penalty period starts when the transfer is made, as opposed to when you make the Medi-Cal application. To calculate the penalty period, first check to see if it was made more than 30 months prior to making the Medi-Cal application. If more than 30 months have passed, there is no penalty.

Lets assume however that you have gifted $50,000 to your grandchild on October 1, 2016, and that you are applying for Medi-Cal on January 1, 2017. The gift was made 3 months prior to the application, so the 30 month look back penalty rule applies. You then divide $50,000 by $8,515, which reflects 5.87, which is rounded down to 5 months of ineligibility, starting from the date of the transfer. As a result, you would be ineligible for Medi-Cal during the months of October, when the gift was made, November, December, January and February, but you would be eligible March 1, 2017. There are of course other rules to consider, which may be to your benefit, which your elder law attorney can help you with.

Please feel free to contact our office should you need help with applying for Medi-Cal, and asset protection. This information is not to be taken as legal advice, and you are encouraged to see your elder law attorney. At the Law Offices of Michael J. Young, at 1931 San Miguel Dr., Ste. 220, Walnut Creek, CA www.WalnutCreekElderLaw, 925-256-0298, lawyoung1@gmail.com, we practice Elder Law and we help Baby Boomers, Seniors and families through their Elder Care Journey. We help families with long-term care planning, asset-protection plans, comprehensive estate planning, wills, trusts and powers of attorney. We also help the older client and their families get their “Ducks in a Row” in order help them qualify for Medi-Cal and the VA Aid & Attendance Improved Pension benefit.

Apr
11
2017
0

How Much Are Probate Fees?

In California, Probate Code section 10810 statutorily sets the maximum amounts that executors and attorneys may be paid for their fees. The amount of attorney fees and executor fees are ordered by the court at the end of case. If the case is complicated, for instance where litigation is involved, the attorney can request that the court allow additional fees for the attorney’s extraordinary services.

The formula for calculating statutory fees for the attorney and for the executor are as follows: (1) Four percent for the first $100,000 of the estate; (2) Three percent for the next $100,000; (3) Two percent on the next eight hundred thousand dollars; (4) One percent on the next nine million dollars.

So for instance, if the amount probated is $100,000, the executor and the attorney can each be awarded $4,000 for their fees. If the amount probated is $200,000, the executor and the attorney can each be awarded $7,000 for their fees. The following chart reflects the statutory fees for the attorney and the executor for an estate with a value up to $5,000,000.

PROBATE ESTATE VALUES TOTAL ATTORNEY AND EXECUTOR FEES*
$100,000 $8,000
200,000 14,000
300,000 18,000
400,000 22,000
500,000 26,000
600,000 30,000
700,000 34,000
800,000 38,000
900,000 42,000
1,000,000 46,000
2,000,000 66,000
3,000,000 86,000
4,000,000 106,000
5,000,000 126,000

Please feel free to contact our office should you need help with a probate. This information is not to be taken as legal advice, and you are encouraged to see your elder law attorney. At the Law Offices of Michael J. Young, at 1931 San Miguel Dr., Ste. 220, Walnut Creek, CA www.WalnutCreekElderLaw, 925-256-0298, lawyoung1@gmail.com, we practice Elder Law and we help Baby Boomers, Seniors and families through their Elder Care Journey. We help families with long-term care planning, asset-protection plans, comprehensive estate planning, wills, trusts and powers of attorney. We also help the older client and their families get their “Ducks in a Row” in order help them qualify for Medi-Cal and the VA Aid & Attendance Improved Pension benefit.

Dec
21
2016
0

Medi-Cal Recovery Will Be Limited to Probate Estates after January 1, 2017

We have recently blogged about the new legislation Governor Brown signed, effective January 1, 2017, which changes the rules regarding recovery by the state for payments it has made to nursing homes for Medi-Cal recipients. Under the old law, the only way we could avoid recovery was to ensure that there was nothing in the Medi-Cal recipient’s name at the date of his death. Under the new law, for Medi-Cal recipients who die after January 1, 2017, recovery will be limited to those estates that are subject to probate under California Probate Law. Assets transferred from a revocable living trust of the Medi-Cal recipient will not be subject to recovery under California Law, because assets in a revocable living trust are not be subject to probate.

For example, if Mary the Medi-Cal recipient leaves her home to her son in her will, the home will be subject to a probate. If the state paid $30,000 to a nursing home for Mary, the state will be able to recover the $30,000 from the probate of the home. If the home was in Mary’s revocable living trust at the time of her death, the state will not be able to recover against the home, because the home will transfer from the trust to Mary’s son, and will not be probated.

The new rules, effective for Medi-Cal recipients who die after January 1, 2017, also exempt certain assets from state recovery. For example, property transferred prior to death, that are no longer in the beneficiary’s name, are not subject to recovery. However, any transfers must be made within the Medi-Cal regulations in order to avoid periods of ineligibility when applying for Medi-Cal. Also, the state cannot recover against your life insurance policy as long as you name one or more beneficiaries under your policy. If you do not name a beneficiary, or if the beneficiary you have named dies before you do, there will be a probate to determine who the beneficiary is. The state will be able to recover against the probate.

This information is not to be taken as legal advice, and you are encouraged to see your elder law attorney. At the Law Offices of Michael J. Young, at 1931 San Miguel Dr., Ste. 220, Walnut Creek, CA www.WalnutCreekElderLaw, 925-256-0298, lawyoung1@gmail.com, we practice Elder Law and we help Baby Boomers, Seniors and families through their Elder Care Journey. We help families with long-term care planning, asset-protection plans, comprehensive estate planning, wills, trusts and powers of attorney. We also help the older client and their families get their “Ducks in a Row” in order help them qualify for Medi-Cal and the VA Aid & Attendance Improved Pension benefit.

Mar
28
2016
0

You Can Spend Down Resources for Medi-Cal Eligibility

For eligibility for Medi-Cal, you cannot have more than $2,000 in non-qualified assets in your name by the end of the month that you want to be eligible. So, if you apply for Medi-Cal on April 1, 2016, you must be down to $2,000 in assets by April 30, 2016. In addition to the $2,000, you can have any amount of qualified assets, like IRAs. Under the Medi-Cal regulations, you can spend down your assets for anything for yourself, to create eligibility. For instance, you pay for  a new roof on your home, remodel your home, pay off bills, buy new clothes, pay down your mortgage, etc. Keep your receipts so that you can document your expenditures to Medi-Cal. If you are considering going into a nursing home and then applying for Medi-Cal, you should consider spending down your assets after you have applied to the facility, and have privately paid for awhile. You should keep in mind that if you have been admitted to a Medi-Cal certified facility, and have privately paid, you cannot by law be evicted or transferred from the facility because you want to change from a private pay patient to a Medi-Cal patient.

This information is not to be taken as legal advice, and you are encouraged to see your elder law attorney. At the Law Offices of Michael J. Young, at 1931 San Miguel Dr., Ste. 220, Walnut Creek, CA www.WalnutCreekElderLaw, 925-256-0298, lawyoung1@gmail.com we practice Elder Law and we help Baby Boomers, Seniors and families through their Elder Care Journey. We help families with long-term care planning, asset-protection plans, comprehensive estate planning, wills, trusts and powers of attorney. We also help Baby Boomers and families get their “Ducks in a Row” in order help them qualify for Medi-Cal and the VA Aid & Attendance Improved Pension benefit.

Mar
15
2016
0

Medi-Cal and Life Insurance Recovery

If you die after having been on Medi-Cal, the state can only recover what is left in your estate at the time of your death. Whatever is in your revocable living trust when you die, is recoverable by Medi-Cal because that is part of your estate. That is why we reserve powers in the revocable living trust and financial powers of attorney to transfer assets out of your trust during your life in order to avoid state recovery.

If you have life insurance and you die, your beneficiary, such as your spouse or a child, will receive the death benefit. This death benefit to your spouse or child is not recoverable by Medi-Cal. However, if you name your revocable living trust as the beneficiary of your life insurance policy, the death benefit will be funded into your revocable living trust when you die. This death benefit will be “in your estate” when you die, and therefore recoverable by Medi-Cal. As a result, if you think you may be applying for Medi-Cal at some date in the future, you should name a person or persons to be the beneficiary of your life insurance policy.

This information is not to be taken as legal advice, and you are encouraged to see your elder law attorney. At the Law Offices of Michael J. Young, at 1931 San Miguel Dr., Ste. 220, Walnut Creek, CA www.WalnutCreekElderLaw, 925-256-0298, lawyoung1@gmail.com we practice Elder Law and we help Baby Boomers, Seniors and families through their Elder Care Journey. We help families with long-term care planning, asset-protection plans, comprehensive estate planning, wills, trusts and powers of attorney. We also help Baby Boomers and families get their “Ducks in a Row” in order help them qualify for Medi-Cal and the VA Aid & Attendance Improved Pension benefit.

Feb
29
2016
0

Do-It-Yourself Estate Plans

If you do an on-line search, you will immediately find websites that will help you create estate planning documents like revocable living trusts and wills. The selling point of these websites is that you will save on legal fees. Accordingly, you do not receive legal representation from these web sites. But, are you being “penny wise and pound foolish” by creating your own on-line estate plan?

In our firm, we do long term care planning and asset protection for the older client. Some of the legal documents that are included in the long term care plan are also revocable living trusts and wills. However, the provisions and language in the documents created by an elder law attorney are quite different from what you will find on line. The documents created by an elder law attorney include mechanisms for asset protection and long term care planning for your care, which can be implemented when needed. As my mother once told me, she wanted a plan that would be effective if she did not die, and became ill along the way.

In California, we have Medi-Cal which will pay for an extended stay in a skilled nursing facility, provided that you have your ducks in a row. There are regulations and codes which you can take advantage of for asset protection and qualification for Medi-Cal. In a properly drafted long term care plan, if you lose mental capacity or otherwise become incapable of handling your own affairs, your fiduciary will be able to take advantage of these codes and Medi-Cal regulations for asset protection and qualification for Medi-Cal. Without a properly drafted long term care plan, you may be required to spend down your assets first, in order to qualify for Medi-Cal. In addition, your home may be left exposed to a Medi-Cal lien for reimbursement to the state after you die. As a result, you may be required to prematurely spend all of your assets to create qualification for Medi-Cal. In addition, you may end up leaving nothing for your family when you die.

Long term care planning is as much for your loved ones as it is for yourself.  It is your loved ones who will have to deal with the consequences of your decisions during your life, and after you die. No website that I have observed is capable of giving tailored legal advice for asset protection and long term care planning that can help clients save tens of thousands and in some cases hundreds of thousands of dollars. The old adage, “you get what you pay for,” still holds true.

This information is not to be taken as legal advice, and you are encouraged to see your elder law attorney. At the Law Offices of Michael J. Young, at 1931 San Miguel Dr., Ste. 220, Walnut Creek, CA www.WalnutCreekElderLaw, 925-256-0298, lawyoung1@gmail.com we practice Elder Law and we help Baby Boomers, Seniors and families through their Elder Care Journey. We help families with long-term care planning, asset-protection plans, comprehensive estate planning, wills, trusts and powers of attorney. We also help Baby Boomers and families get their “Ducks in a Row” in order help them qualify for Medi-Cal and the VA Aid & Attendance Improved Pension benefit.

Feb
19
2016
0

How Does Medi-Cal Treat Joint Accounts?

All assets in the name of the Medi-Cal applicant are reported when qualifying for Medi-Cal. The home is reported, but can usually be confirmed as an exempt asset for qualification. So- called Qualified assets such as IRA’s are reported, but are but are also usually confirmed as exempt for qualification. The applicant can then not have more than $2,000 in non-exempt assets in his or her name.

If the applicant’s name is on an account with another person, Medi-Cal will count the entire amount as being in the name of the applicant. For instance, if you maintain a joint bank account in the amount of $15,000 with your mother in order to avoid probate when you die, and your mother applies for Medi-Cal, the $15,000 will be counted as belonging to your mother. Your mother would be ineligible for Medi-Cal because she cannot have more than $2,000 of non-exempt assets in her name.

This information is not to be taken as legal advice, and you are encouraged to see your elder law attorney. At the Law Offices of Michael J. Young, at 1931 San Miguel Dr., Ste. 220, Walnut Creek, CA www.WalnutCreekElderLaw, 925-256-0298, lawyoung1@gmail.com we practice Elder Law and we help Baby Boomers, Seniors and families through their Elder Care Journey. We help families with long-term care planning, asset-protection plans, comprehensive estate planning, wills, trusts and powers of attorney. We also help Baby Boomers and families get their “Ducks in a Row” in order help them qualify for Medi-Cal and the VA Aid & Attendance Improved Pension benefit.

Dec
17
2015
0

Help For Caregiver Burnout

Over the past years, practicing in the area of elder law and long term care planning, we have observed many cases of elder care burnout. The caretaker spouse or child is usually not equipped to adequately care for a loved one who is suffering from Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s Disease, or other debilitating diseases. These diseases a usually progressive, which means that the caretaker’s duties and responsibilities increase over time. The care needed can cause depression, illness and even death of the caretaker.

We counsel our clients to try to avoid elder care burnout by asking for help. You can join Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease support groups. Various churches and parishes also provide help in the form of support groups.

Moreover, we encourage our clients and family members to seek the help of a geriatric care manager. These individuals are well trained and experienced to help you understand what the future looks like as far as the care that will be needed for your loved one. They will also guide you in finding the best in-home care, board and care and other care facilities.

At the Law Offices of Michael J. Young, we can provide information to you regarding preferred geriatric care givers. In addition, we can help you develop a plan to pay for these services, and to preserve assets.

This information is not to be taken as legal advice, and you are encouraged to see your elder law attorney. At the Law Offices of Michael J. Young, at 1931 San Miguel Dr., Ste. 220, Walnut Creek, CA www.WalnutCreekElderLaw, 925-256-0298, lawyoung1@gmail.com we practice Elder Law and we help Baby Boomers, Seniors and families through their Elder Care Journey. We help families with long-term care planning, asset-protection plans, comprehensive estate planning, wills, trusts and powers of attorney. We also help Baby Boomers and families get their “Ducks in a Row” in order help them qualify for Medi-Cal and the VA Aid & Attendance Improved Pension benefit.

Nov
09
2015
0

Our Estate Plans Change As We Age

Most people I meet have a basic estate plan that is designed for younger people. The plan typically consists of a revocable living trust, pour over wills, financial durable powers of attorney, and health care directives. These plans were typically designed some years ago. The emphasis on that planning was to ensure that if the parents died, their children would be taken care of through resulting trusts that would be funded upon the passing of both parents. Trustees and guardians were appointed to take care of the children. The surviving spouse would be taken care of through the trust and with the purchase of life insurance that would take care of the surviving spouse and pay off the mortgage if one spouse died.

After the children grow up and move out, the emphasis for our planning changes. We begin to think about our health care needs as we grow older. We begin to wonder how we will be able to pay for the costs of in-home care, assisted living facilities, a board and care home and a possible nursing home stay. We also want to be able to protect our assets. Our estate plan that was created when we were younger is no longer adequate for us. Now that we are older, our estate plans should be converted to long term care plans, with the help of an elder law attorney. This planning takes into account qualifying for government benefits such as Medi-Cal, which can pay for a stay in a skilled nursing facility, and the VA Aid and Attendance Pension Benefit, which can help pay for in-home care or assisted living facility costs. This planning may also utilize a new kind of life insurance, which has a long term care rider. Instead of just paying a death benefit to your spouse or loved one when you die, the long term care rider can be utilized during your life to pay for  in-home care, assisted living facilities, a board and care home and a possible nursing home stay. This type of policy is much easier for the older client to qualify for than traditional long term care insurance. Moreover, we want a plan that will help to preserve our assets for as long a possible as we get older.

The modern developments in estate planning for the older client involve asset protection, and a plan to determine how an increased need for care will be paid for over time.

For additional information please feel free to contact our office. This information is not to be taken as legal advice, and you are encouraged to see your elder law attorney. At the Law Offices of Michael J. Young, at 1931 San Miguel Dr., Ste. 220, Walnut Creek, CA www.WalnutCreekElderLaw, 925-256-0298, lawyoung1@gmail.com we practice Elder Law and we help Baby Boomers, Seniors and families through their Elder Care Journey. We help families with long-term care planning, asset-protection plans, comprehensive estate planning, wills, trusts and powers of attorney. We also help Baby Boomers and families get their “Ducks in a Row” in order help them qualify for Medi-Cal and the VA Aid & Attendance Improved Pension benefit.

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